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Monaco Monte Carlo

Monaco MontecarloMonaco , officially the Principality of Monaco is a small sovereign city-state located in South Western Europe on the northern central coast of the Mediterranean Sea , having a land border on three sides only with France , and being about 16 km (9.9 mi) away from Italy . Its size is just under 2 km². Monaco is the world's most densely populated sovereign countr y, and the world's smallest French-speaking country. A n average person takes only 56 minutes to walk across the width of the country. Monaco is the name of the country as well as the name of its capital city. It is often regarded as a tax haven, and many of its inhabitant s are wealthy and from foreign countries, making up a majority of the population. Monaco is a constitutional monarchy and principality, with Prince Albert II as head of state. The House of Grimaldi has ruled Monaco since 1297, and the state's sovereignty was officially recognized by the Franco - Monegasque Treaty of 1861.

Palais Princier MonacoThe Prince's Palace of Monaco is the official residence of the Prince of Monaco. Founded in 1191 as a Genoese fort ress, during its long and often dramatic history it has been bom barded and besieged by many foreign powers. Since the end of t he 13th century, it has been the stronghold and home of the Grimaldi family who first captured it in 1297. The Grimaldi ruled the area first as feudal lords, and from the 17th century as sovereign princes, but their power was often derived from fra gile agreements with their larger and stronger neighbour s.