Rio de Janeiro is the second largest city of Brazil and South America, behind São Paulo. It is the state capital of Rio de Janeiro. Rio de Janeiro is famous for its natural settings, its Carnival celebrations, samba and other music, and hotel-lined tourist beaches, such as Copacabana and Ipanema. Some of the most famous landmarks in addition to the beaches include the giant statue of Christ, known as Christ the Redeemer ('Cristo Redentor') atop Corcovado mountain, named one of the New Seven Wonders of the World; Sugarloaf mountain (Pão de Açúcar) with its cable car; the Sambódromo, a giant permanent parade stand used during Carnival and Maracanã stadium, one of the world's largest football stadiums. The city also boasts the largest and second largest urban forests in the world: Floresta da Tijuca, or "Tijuca Forest".
Sugarloaf Mountain is a peak situated in Rio de Janeiro, from
the mouth of Guanabara Bay on a peninsula that sticks out into
the Atlantic Ocean. Rising 396 metres (1,299 ft) above sea-level,
its name is said to refer to its resemblance to the traditional shape
of concentrated refined loaf sugar. However, it is believed by
some that the name actually derives from Pau-nh-acuqua (“high
hill”) in the Tupi-Guarani language, as used by the indigenous
Christ the Redeemer is a statue of Jesus Christ in Rio de
Janeiro, Brazil. The statue stands 30 metres (98 ft) wide and 38
metres (120 ft) tall with its pedestal. It weighs 635 tons (700
short tons), and is located at the peak of the 700 metres (2,300
ft) Corcovado mountain in the Tijuca Forest National Park
overlooking the city. It is one of the tallest of its kind in the world.
The statue of Christ the Redeemer is a very important symbol of
Brazil's christianity. It is made of reinforced concrete and
Copacabana beach stretches from Posto Dois (lifeguard watchtower Two) to Posto Seis
(lifeguard watchtower Six). Leme is at Posto Um (lifeguard watchtower One).There are
historic forts at both ends of Copacabana beach; Fort Copacabana, built in 1914, is at the
south end by Posto Seis and Fort Duque de Caxias, built in 1779, at the north end. One
curiosity is that the lifeguard watchtower of Posto Seis never existed. Hotels, restaurants,
bars, night clubs and residential buildings dot the promenade. Copacabana Beach plays
host to millions of revelers during the annual New Year's Eve celebrations.